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The antimicrobial activity of essential oils and extraction of medicinal plants; use as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of cancer of the lymphatic system

Dragan Jovanov

Environmental Resources and Food Security Management, Mit Universsity-Skopje, Macedonia

E-mail : bhuvaneswari.bibleraaj@uhsm.nhs.uk

DOI: 10.15761/IFNM.1000190

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Abstract

The goal of research in this paper is to determine the antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants: Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger and their use as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of cancer the lymphatic system. Antibacterial activity and examination are conducted survey of 150 people.

Studies on antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from plants and their use in the treatment of cancer of the lymphatic system were examined 3 years.

Essential oils from plants Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger manifested different antimicrobial activity in their use depending on the used concentration of essential oil.

Key words

essential oils, Galium verum, lymphatic system, antimicrobial activity, treatment, raspberry, echinacea

Introduction

Essential oils derived from plants or their secondary metabolism, which are formed by a group of cells or fibers placed in stems and leaves of plants. Essential oils are isolated with plant material by via several methods, of which the most widely used method of distillation. These oils represent a mixture of terpenoids as the main component, and specific monoperteni sekviperteni although not excluded the presence of diterpenes. Essential oils may be characterized based on the presence of their main components. The discovery and exploration of essential oils constitute the subject of much research for many scientists and researchers [1-9].

The experimental part and method of operation

The achievement of the aforementioned objectives in this study, were been researched with these herbs and their essential oils as adjuvant treatments in the treatment of cancer of the lymphatic system of 150 respondents aged 20 years, 20-40 years and respondents over 60 years (Table 1):

- Galium verum Echinacea

- Garlic, Turmeric,

- Corn silk, Raspberry,

- Red John's wort St. John's Wort

- Ginger

Table 1. Respondents statistics

Total number of respondents: 150

Men

Women

To 20 years

From 20-40 years

From 40-60 years

Over 60 years

67

83

22

45

56

27

44.7%

55.3%

14.7%

30%

37.3%

18%

Results and discussion

Does the correct use of galium verum, echinacea, garlic, turmeric, corn silk, raspberry, red john's wort st. john's wort and ginger have achieved the expected results?

Of the total number of respondents, we find that with proper use of Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger, 71.3 persons have achieved the expected results. Whereas 20.7% of respondents partly achieved the expected results. 8% of respondents did not achieved the expected results in the proper use of Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger in order to improve health status in cancer (Table 2).

Table 2. Response towards the correct use of galium verum, echinacea, garlic, turmeric, corn silk, raspberry, red john's wort st. john's wort and ginger

 

Yes

No

Partially

Men

46

6

15

Women

61

6

16

%

71.3%

8%

20.7%

On the classification of respondents male and female, in this matter in both sexes in the proper use of Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger have achieved the expected results. And while in both cases also, there are volunteers with proper use showed a partial effect or no effect.

In the classification of respondents by age, we can conclude that among those 40 to 60 years reported that they had achieved positive results with these medicinal plants. Among subjects 20 to 40 years has the highest number of persons who reported that they had achieved partial results in the proper use of Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger, in addition to most of them that They said they fully achieved the expected results. Most people over 60 years have achieved the expected results, but some of them answered partly not. Whereas, among those 20 years and over 60 years in common is that the same number of respondents reported that they have achieved the expected results in the proper use of these medicinal plants.

Have you had any allergic reactions or side effects in using some of these plants in addition to the treatment of cancer of the lymphatic system?

When it comes to allergic reactions to these medicinal plants, the total number of respondents 76.7% said they did not experience allergic reactions. Only 8.6% of respondents appeared partial allergic reactions. And 14.7% of respondents said that the use of these medicinal plants had symptoms of allergy.

In male and female respondents the percentage of those who failed allergic reactions is same.The percentage of women who did not appear any allergic reactions is increasing , while males notice small number of persons who appeared partly allergic symptoms (Table 3).

Table 3. Response towards allergic reactions

 

Yes

No

Partially

To 20 years

15

1

6

From 20-40 years

28

4

13

From 40-60 years

42

6

8

Over 60 years

22

1

4

 %

71.3%

8%

20.7 %

In the second question, the number of respondents we can see that in people 40-60 years is the highest percentage of allergic reactions. Most of the respondents those up to 20 years, between 20- 40 and people over 60 years did not show an allergic reaction to the use of these medicinal plants, so their rates are roughly the same.

A relative of full and partial allergic reactions in people between 20-40 years is the highest percentage of partial allergic reaction to these medicinal plants.

Are you aware that some of these plants are contraindicated for use with certain medications to treat chronic conditions (pressure, heart disease, etc.)?

In the context of information among respondents that these medicinal plants are contraindicated for use in treating chronic diseases, most of the respondents 44% said they are informed in this regard. Not informed 34% and partially informed 22% of respondents. In female level of information is greater, compared to males (Table 4).

Table 4. Response towards chronic conditions

 

Yes

No

Partially

Men

11

51

5

Women

11

64

8

%

14.7%

76.7%

8.6%

Among persons between 40 to 60 years is equal to the number of people who are informed and who are not informed about kontraindikacionite effects from taking Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John's wort St. John's Wort and Ginger in chronic diseases. People over 60 years of age have the lowest percentage of partial information on the matter. And people over 20 years have the lowest percentage of full awareness kontraindikacionite effects (Table 5).

Table 5. Response towards kontraindikacionite effects

 

Yes

No

Partially

To 20 years

2

18

2

From 20-40 years

6

35

4

From 40-60 years

12

38

6

Over 60 years

3

22

2

 %

14.7%

76.7%

8.6%

Would you rather prefer to undergo vocational educated persons (herbalists) or lack of professional competence that claim to have experience in the application of herbal preparations and herbal remedies?

Of the total number of pupils of the tenth question, 99% said they want education to implement vocational educational entities (phytotherapeutists), and only one percent of respondents said that additional education can be carried out and an incompetent person / person without expert education (Table 6).

Table 6. Response towards opting herbalists

 

Vocational education

Vocational education and training

Men

67

0

Women

82

1

%

99%

1%

Conclusion

From the survey of this paper, we come to the conclusion that in Macedonia almost all of citizens are informed with Galium verum, Echinacea, Garlic, Turmeric, Corn silk, Raspberry, Red John’s wort St. John’s Wort and Ginger and their health benefits. Also, we can conclude that the majority of respondents through the antimicrobial activity of these medicinal plants achieved the expected results. Most of the respondents are aware of the side effects under certain conditions, such as allergic reactions, pregnancy, some autoimmune diseases and others. We conclude that the respondents said that detailed information on the use, application, correct dosages, contraindications and side effects.

From the total number of respondents (male/female) in respect of all age limits have said that education would like to receive the professional, competent people who in their view are better suited to do the same.

This paper develops a really interesting and necessary subject for human health, that the whole despite a theoretical and practical application.

References

  1. Azzouz MA (1982) Comparative antimycotic effects of selected herb, species, plant components and commercial antifungal agents. J Food Prot 45: 1298-1301.
  2. Крушан Ф (1956) Лјековито и сродно биље, Загреб.
  3. Гаммерман АФ (1967) Курс фармакогнозија, Москва.
  4. Туцаков Ј (1971) Лечење биљем, Београд.
  5. Туцаков Ј (1964) Фармакогнозија, Београд.
  6. Јованов Д (2013) Лечење со природни лековити билки (билни рецепти).
  7. Јованов Д (2013) Нутриционизам, лековити растенија, спорт и здрав живот.
  8. Јованов Д (2013) Лековити ароматични растенија.
  9. Јованов Д, Јованова М (2013) Лековити зачински растенија.

Editorial Information

Editor-in-Chief

Renee Dufault
Food Ingredient and Health Research Institute

Article Type

Research Article

Publication history

Received date: June 02, 2017
Accepted date: July 01, 2017
Published date: July 04, 2017

Copyright

© 2017 Jovanov D. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Citation

Jovanov D (2017) The antimicrobial activity of essential oils and extraction of medicinal plants; use as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of cancer of the lymphatic system. Integr Food Nutr Metab 4: DOI: 10.15761/IFNM.1000190

Corresponding author

Dragan Jovanov, PhD

Environmental Resources and Food Security Management, Mit Universsity-Skopje, Macedonia

E-mail : bhuvaneswari.bibleraaj@uhsm.nhs.uk

Table 1. Respondents statistics

Total number of respondents: 150

Men

Women

To 20 years

From 20-40 years

From 40-60 years

Over 60 years

67

83

22

45

56

27

44.7%

55.3%

14.7%

30%

37.3%

18%

Table 2. Response towards the correct use of galium verum, echinacea, garlic, turmeric, corn silk, raspberry, red john's wort st. john's wort and ginger

 

Yes

No

Partially

Men

46

6

15

Women

61

6

16

%

71.3%

8%

20.7%

Table 3. Response towards allergic reactions

 

Yes

No

Partially

To 20 years

15

1

6

From 20-40 years

28

4

13

From 40-60 years

42

6

8

Over 60 years

22

1

4

 %

71.3%

8%

20.7 %

Table 4. Response towards chronic conditions

 

Yes

No

Partially

Men

11

51

5

Women

11

64

8

%

14.7%

76.7%

8.6%

Table 5. Response towards kontraindikacionite effects

 

Yes

No

Partially

To 20 years

2

18

2

From 20-40 years

6

35

4

From 40-60 years

12

38

6

Over 60 years

3

22

2

 %

14.7%

76.7%

8.6%

Table 6. Response towards opting herbalists

 

Vocational education

Vocational education and training

Men

67

0

Women

82

1

%

99%

1%