Citation manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal.
If plagiarism is detected, either by the editors, peer reviewers or OA Text staff at any stage before publication of a manuscript- before or after acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage- OA Text will alert the authors, asking her or him to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and cite the original source. if the plagiarism is extensive- that is, if at least 25% of the original submission is plagiarised- the article may be rejected and the author's institution/employer notified.
If a case of plagiarism comes to light after a paper is published in anOA Text journal, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. A determination of misconduct will lead the OA Text journal to run a statement, bidirectionally linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and to provide a reference to the plagiarised material. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.
OA Text employs CrossCheck to compare submissions against a large and growing database of published scholarly content.