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Evidence of low affinity immunoglobulin epsilon Fc receptor gene in an invertebrate: The sea star Asterias rubens

Michel Leclerc

556 rue Isabelle Romée, Sandillon, France

E-mail : aa

Nicolas Kresdorn

GenXPro, Frankfurt, Germany

DOI: 10.15761/CRT.1000133

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Kappa genes and complement genes were found in the sea star in the past. Recently, we discovered a "sea star IgKappa gene". We present now a low affinity Ig epsilon Fc receptor gene when compared to mouse genome, in immunized and non-immunized sea stars to HRP.

Key words

 invertebrate, sea star, fc receptor, immunoglobulin, primitive antibody


In 2011, it was striking to discover Kappa genes [1] in the transcriptome of Asterias rubens, when compared to mouse genome. Two years later we found complement genes [2] from C1 to C9. At last, we cloned a gene, with a SMART kit PCR cDNA synthesis (Clontech) [3]: the "sea star Igkappa gene” with two Ig sites, which lead to the synthesis of a primitive antibody: an anti-HRP antibody, by the use of a E.coli plasmid [4]. To date we find all these elements in immunized and non-immunized sea stars to HRP (Horse- radish Peroxydase) and the emergence of low affinity Immunoglobulin epsilon Fc receptor, we describe now.

Material and methods

Sea stars were obtained from the Biology Institute (Gothenburgh University). Immunizations, genomic studies were already described [1]. After ligation of adapters for Illumina's GSII sequencing system, the cDNA was sequenced on the Illumina GSII platform sequencing. 1.100 bp from one side of the approximatey 200 bp fragments sequences were assembled using Velvet [5].


Low affinity Immunoglobulin epsilon Fc receptor appear in immunized and non-mmunized sea star genomes.Result with non-mmunized animals  is given:

One contig (Contig10847) could be annotated via BLASTX to Mus musculus "Isoform 3 of Low affinity immunoglobulin epsilon Fc receptor" from the Swissprot database (FCER2_MOUSE), with an e-value of 1.49e-11. On an aligned region of 118 amino acids, 63 positive and 40 identical amino acids were found.


Discussion and conclusion

A similar result was obtained with immunized sea stars. The existence of immunoglobulin Fc receptor gene corroborates the presence of an immunoglobulin in sea star immune system.

In mouse, it is well-known that Fc receptor binds the antibody to the antigen. In this interaction, antibody can regulate the immune response [6] through Fc receptor. In mouse the antibody is an IgE. We have not found IgE gene in sea star genome but exclusively Kappa genes. We suggest again that the sea star primitive antibody is composed of 4 light kappa chains [7] without disulfid bonds.


  1. Leclerc M, Dupont S, Ortega-Martinez O, Hernroth B, Krezdorn N, et al. (2011) Evidence of Kappa genes in the sea-star Asterias rubens (Echinoderma). Immunol Lett 138: 197-198. [Crossref]
  2. Leclerc M and Otten P (2013) Revealed Oncologic Markers In The Sea Star Antibody Response To H.R.P. Immunol Lett 151: 68-70.
  3. Vincent N, Osteras M, Otten P, Leclerc M (2014) A new gene in A. rubens: A sea star Ig kappa gene. Meta gene 2: 320-322. [Crossref]
  4. Leclerc M and Kresdorn N (2014) Asterias Rubens: The Toll-Like Receptors (Tlrs). Saj Biotechnology 1:104.
  5. Zerbino DR (2007) Asterias  Rubens: Evidence Of Immune Genes.Gen Res 18: 821-829
  6. Nimmerjahn F and Ravetch JV (2008) Fcγ receptors as regulators of immune responses. Nature Reviews Immunology 8: 34-47
  7. Leclerc M (2000) Evidence of Kappa genes in the sea-star Asterias rubens (Echin-oderma). Eur J Morph 38: 206-207.


Editorial Information


Jalal K. Ghali
Mercer University

Article Type

Short Communication

Publication history

Received date: April 02, 2016
Accepted date: April 22, 2016
Published date: April 25, 2016


©2016 Leclerc M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Leclerc M, Kresdorn N (2016). Evidence of low affinity immunoglobulin epsilon Fc receptor gene in an invertebrate: The sea star Asterias rubens. Clin Res Trials 2: doi: 10.15761/CRT.1000133

Corresponding author

Michel Leclerc

556 rue Isabelle Romée, 45640 Sandillon, France.

E-mail :

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