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A rare cause of infertility: Uterine isthmocele

Mustafa Koplay

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

E-mail : aa

Nusret Seher

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Emine Uysal

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Hakan Cebeci

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

DOI: 10.15761/CCRR.1000389

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A 35-year-old female patient with a history of cesarean section 2 times applied to our hospital with the complaints of post-menstrual bleeding for the last 1 year and infertility. In pelvic MRI, in cesarean section scar localization in the anterior uterine corpus, 15x10 mm in size, well-circumscribed hypointense cystic lesions were observed on T1-weighted images, and hyperintense cystic lesions were observed on T2-weighted images (Figure 1). A thinning was observed in the uterine parenchyma in the anterior neighborhood of this area. In patients who have the story of cesarean section in uterine cystic lesions, the uterine isthmocele should be considered in definitive diagnosis.

Figure 1. Cystic lesions

A 35-year-old female patient with a history of cesarean section 2 times applied to our hospital with the complaints of post-menstrual bleeding for the last 1 year. In the transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUSG), anechoic cystic formation was observed in the anterior of the uterine corpus, and pelvic MRI examination was performed on the patient. At MRI, in cesarean section scar localization in the anterior uterine corpus, 15x10 mm in size, well-circumscribed hypointense cystic lesions were observed on T1-weighted images, and well-circumscribed hyperintense cystic lesions were observed on T2-weighted images. A thinning was observed in the uterine parenchyma in the anterior neighborhood of this area but parametrial fat planes were normal. Uterine isthmocele was diagnosed through imaging findings [1].

Uterine isthmocele is a diverticular cystic formation resulting from cesarean scar, incidence of which increases with the increase of cesarean numbers and imaging techniques in recent years [2]. The reason is unknown exactly. Previous cesarean section is the greatest risk factor and the number of cesarean section increases the risk [2]. Patients most frequently apply with symptoms such as postmenstrual bleeding and infertility [3]. Uterine scar defects can be detected in %40-60 of TVUS and hysterosalpingography (HSG). In suspected cases, MRI is very useful for uterine isthmocele. In patients who have the story of cesarean section and who apply with symptoms such as postmenstrual bleeding and infertility, in uterine cystic lesions, the uterine isthmocele should be considered in definitive diagnosis and MRI is quite useful in diagnosis.

References

  1. Drouin O, Bergeron T, Beaudry A, Demers S, Roberge S, et al. (2014) Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Uterine Scar Niche before and after Laparoscopic Surgical Repair: A Case Report. AJP Rep 4: e65-8. [Crossref]
  2. Xie H, Wu Y, Yu F, He M, Cao M, et al. (2014) A comparison of vaginal surgery and operative hysteroscopy for the treatment of cesarean-induced isthmocele: a retrospective review. Gynecol Obstet Invest 77: 78-83. [Crossref]
  3. Sipahi S, Sasaki K, Miller CE (2017) The minimally invasive approach to the symptomatic isthmocele - what does the literature say? A step-by-step primer on laparoscopic isthmocele - excision and repair. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 29: 257-265. [Crossref]

Editorial Information

Editor-in-Chief

Andy Goren
University of Rome "G.Marconi"

Article Type

Short Communication

Publication history

Received date: February 02, 2018
Accepted date: February 19, 2018
Published date: February 22, 2018

Copyright

©2018 Koplay M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Citation

Koplay M, Seher N, Uysal E, Cebeci H (2018) A rare cause of infertility: Uterine isthmocele. Clin Case Rep Rev 4: doi: 10.15761/CCRR.1000389.

Corresponding author

Mustafa Koplay

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Selcuk University, The Central Campus, 42075, Konya, Turkey, Tel: +90-332-2243800- 44939

Figure 1. Cystic lesions